News in the Humanosphere: Vanuatu struggles with water shortages post-cyclone

Communities in Vanuatu's capital, Port Vila are rebuilding their damaged homes. (Photo: Silke von Brockhausen/UNDP)

In Vanuatu 100,000 people – about half the population – lack access to clean water. This has totally dropped off the international community’s radar. “Tropical Cyclone Pam destroyed homes and infrastructure when it swept across the South Pacific island nation on March 13, leaving 11 dead and affecting the majority of the 252,800 Vanuatu population. Seventy percent of wells have been contaminated and bacteriological tests showed that water required purification before drinking at all sites tested outside the capital Port Vila, UNICEF said. The agency has been providing water purification tablets and plastic sheets for rainwater collection as a temporary substitute for the 68 percent of rainwater harvesting structures that have been damaged by the cyclone. Cyclone damage means that women and children have to walk to shower facilities and toilets further from home, or defecate in the open, lacking privacy and exposing themselves to abuse, said Ketsamay Rajphangthong, chief of UNICEF Vanuatu field office. UNICEF needs $1.5 million to close the gap between donations and its appeal target, she said.” (Reuters http://reut.rs/1IK1uDb )

India kicks al-Jazeera off the air
India has taken al-Jazeera off air for five days, claiming that it had shown incorrect maps of Kashmir. The news channel showed a blue screen on Wednesday with a sign saying it would not be available until Monday. India says maps used by the channel are incorrect, as they show the region of Kashmir as divided between Pakistan, India and China. Kashmir is claimed by both India and Pakistan in its entirety but has effectively been divided since 1948. (BBC http://bbc.in/1IK09wn)

Happy Earth Day
Every single ocean now has a massive swirling plastic garbage patch. (Vox  bit.ly/1K5QMIa)

Africa

An international rights group said members of a nomadic Muslim group in the Central African Republic are being held captive by radical Christian fighters and are at risk of sexual violence. (VOA http://bit.ly/1Ec0cRK)

Ethiopia began three days of mourning on Tuesday with joint Christian and Muslim prayers for some 30 Ethiopian Christians killed in Libya by ISIS fighters. (Al Jazeera http://alj.am/1QjkJJg)

Niger has shut all schools in the region around the capital, Niamey, and begun a campaign to vaccinate children ages 2 to 15 in an effort to halt a meningitis outbreak. (NYT http://nyti.ms/1Ec5Za2)

Hundreds of Zimbabwean nationals who fled attacks in South Africa are now being processed in a border town in Zimbabwe. (Al Jazeera http://bit.ly/1II3I67)

MENA

As a war of words heats up between Iran and Saudi Arabia over the civil war in Syria and sectarian violence in Yemen, there are signs that even secular Iranians are joining in the anti-Saudi chorus. (VOA http://bit.ly/1EsiIqU)

Yemeni security officials say the Saudi-led coalition has launched fresh airstrikes on Shi’ite rebels in two cities, just one day after Riyadh said it would cease such attacks.  (VOA http://bit.ly/1K56i77)

Asia

A wave of kidnappings followed by numerous beheadings of members of Afghanistan’s Hazara ethnic group have spread alarm and anger among a people who have historically been this country’s most persecuted. (NYT http://nyti.ms/1PisFZM)

A farmer hanged himself from a tree during a political rally in New Delhi on Wednesday, in what appeared to be a desperate protest against the hardship felt by many people scratching a living in rural India. (Reuters http://reut.rs/1IJZCdO)

Hong Kong’s government unveiled electoral reform proposals but again failed to offer concessions to pro-democracy lawmakers and activists who object to China’s power to veto candidates. (WaPo http://wapo.st/1DhZsqe)

Hundreds of angry farmers in central Vietnam dumped dead fish and shrimp onto the highway in front of a local government office Tuesday to protest pollution. (VOA http://bit.ly/1HtNlLU)

The Americas

Colombia’s President Juan Manuel Santos said on Tuesday he will not allow peace talks with FARC rebels to collapse under political pressure from the opposition. (VOA http://bit.ly/1bv31ms)

Rights groups seek the repeal of a tough abortion ban in El Salvador as young, poor women are convicted of homicide for stillbirths and miscarriages. (Al Jazeera http://alj.am/1ySAcut)

Mexico was ranked 58th out of 59 countries on the Global Impunity Index, a measure of security, justice and human rights published by the Center for Studies on Impunity and Justice. (El País http://bit.ly/1QjpWAW; Spanish)

The Pope is going to visit Cuba – right before he visits the United States in September. (Miami Herald http://hrld.us/1IJZRp9)

...and the rest
A prominent human rights lawyer in Azerbaijan, Intiqam Aliyev, has been sentenced to 7 1/2 years in prison after a trial that he called politically motivated. (EIN http://bit.ly/1aStEQX)
Opinion/Blogs

Malaria in the time of Ebola (ONE http://bit.ly/1PiT2Pc)

Is this genocide? What four Americans saw happening to Armenians 100 years ago (WaPo http://wapo.st/1DNOJXe)

Why Europe is Dithering as Migrants are Dying (UN Dispatch http://bit.ly/1Giyl1M)

Afghan Watchdog Finds That If You Build It, They Won’t Necessarily Come (FP http://atfp.co/1DdApUe)

Why the Mediterranean migrant disaster is a problem for Israel, too (WaPo http://wapo.st/1OGu1LT)

Government attempts to muzzle Greenpeace India are ‘illegitimate’ and ‘repressive’ – open letter (Guardian http://bit.ly/1HlpO11)

Imagining no malaria (The Hill http://bit.ly/1Jc9qR1)

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About Author

Tom Murphy

Tom Murphy is a New Hampshire-based reporter for Humanosphere. Before joining Humanosphere, Tom founded and edited the aid blog A View From the Cave. His work has appeared in Foreign Policy, the Huffington Post, the Guardian, GlobalPost and Christian Science Monitor. He tweets at @viewfromthecave. Contact him at tmurphy[at]humanosphere.org.