Guest post by Katie Leach-Kemon, a policy translation specialist from the University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.
What is the state of health, or burden of disease trends, in the Middle East and North Africa?
A regional report entitled The Global Burden of Disease: Generating Evidence, Guiding Policy – Middle East and North Africa Regional Edition, published last week by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) and the World Bank, highlighted the rapid transitions in health patterns in the region between 1990 and 2010:
- People in the Middle East and North Africa are living longer than ever before, but they are living more years with disability from causes such as low back pain, depression and anxiety, and diabetes (see the transition in this video or view it yourself using IHME’s online visualization tool).
- Non-communicable diseases cause much more premature death and disability (also known as disability-adjusted life years, or DALYs) than in the past (diseases such as ischemic heart disease, low back pain, and depression increased by 44%, 77%, and 58%, respectively, as shown by the blue bars in Figure 7 from the report, shown below.