The U.N. cannot stop its peacekeepers from raping children in the Central African Republic

Luis Miguel Carrilho, Police Commissioner of the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), visits the Rwandan Battalion in Bangui. (UN Photo/Nektarios Markogiannis)

Like a broken record that just won’t stop repeating the same phrase, the United Nations again revealed that peacekeepers in the Central African Republic were responsible for sexual abuse. This time, the number of victims totals 108 people – mostly children. Authorities in France, Gabon and Burundi, were notified of the complicity of their troops in the sexual assaults.

The number of cases of rape and sexual exploitation at the hands of foreign units in the Central African Republic over the last 18 months is becoming hard to count. The U.N. again expressed dismay about the situation that it keeps saying it will work on but is failing to prevent.

“The interventions of the international community helped save the CAR from an unspeakable fate,” said U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, in a statement. “Yet we must face the fact that a number of troops who were sent to protect people instead acted with hearts of darkness.”

The comments oddly evoke the title of the Joseph Conrad novel about a voyage up the Congo River. Ban goes on to use strong language to both denounce the “despicable, depraved and deeply disturbing allegations” and describe how the U.N. will continue to “confront” the “scourge.” Yet it rings hollow when the abuses continue.

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Some 20 peacekeepers from the Democratic Republic of the Congo went on trial this week for committing rape and other crimes while in the Central African Republic. The entire unit of 800 peacekeepers from the Congo returned home in February in the wake of abuse allegations. Promises to investigate and prosecute perpetrators by the country appear to be realized with the current trial.

Punishment for perpetrators and transparency from the U.N. have both improved ever since it was leaked last year that French soldiers committed sexual abuses and rape. But that is not adding up to prevention. The latest allegations include reports that a military commander from France forced three girls to have sex with a dog. And there are peacekeepers from Morocco accused of sexually abusing a 14-year-old girl.

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“The exact number and nature of these extremely troubling allegations are still being determined,” said the U.N. in a statement. “Alleged victims are being interviewed and will be provided with assistance and psycho-social and medical support.”

In the first two months of this year, some 25 allegations of sexual abuse and exploitation by peacekeepers in the Central African Republic were reported. Sexual abuse by U.N. peacekeeping units is not unique to the Central African Republic. Another six allegations were made in the other 15 missions over the same period and a total of 69 allegations were made last year for all units.

The problem is deep and does not seem to be getting better. For years, the body has said that it will do what it can to prevent such abuses and hold perpetrators accountable. The investigation into the latest allegations will determine the guilt of the parties involved, but does not necessarily get at the core problem.

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About Author

Tom Murphy

Tom Murphy is a New Hampshire-based reporter for Humanosphere. Before joining Humanosphere, Tom founded and edited the aid blog A View From the Cave. His work has appeared in Foreign Policy, the Huffington Post, the Guardian, GlobalPost and Christian Science Monitor. He tweets at @viewfromthecave. Contact him at tmurphy[at]humanosphere.org.

  • Dolce Far Niente

    Might try executing the offenders. That often gets people’s attention who are doing wrong.

  • lily

    Are there criteria on outsourcing of peace (?) and peacekeepers? If there are, are these implemented & whose accountable for their recruitment/deployment? Are country-sources of potential peacekeepers vetted in terms of their national laws/performance of their criminal justice system/crimes rates/the rule of law on protection of women and children? Do their customary law reflect respect & regard for women and children? Or is the recruitment/deployment of peacekeepers a matter of whomever is available (boots and resources),or whoever raise their hands? While national militaries undergo rigorous military trainings for war, why should peace & peacekeeping be regarded nilly willy? State/non-state armed groups have general understanding they are in the war zone to fight combatants like themselves, while these “peacekeepers” instead prey on the vulnerable survivors. In terms of cost-benefit, is the human cost worth the depravity that women & children/the population endure in sufferance? Is this “peace” any better than the violence of war?